Using CBD Oil to Treat Pain and Arthritis
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the 120 compounds found in the cannabis plant. Just like its cousin with the same chemical makeup, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol gives numerous health benefits. But unlike THC, CBD does not induce a high, which is one of the major qualities that distinguish it as a widely accepted product in the medical community. Therefore, whenever CBD oil is mentioned, it simply suggests the oil is extracted from the seed of a cannabis plant.
How Does CBD Work?
There is a complex cell-signaling system in the human body called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The system primarily plays a role in regulating various functions and processes in your body, including mood, sleep, appetite, reproduction and fertility, and memory. Regardless of whether you use cannabis or not, there is an existence of the endocannabinoid system in your body. There are three attributes of ECS, namely, enzymes, endocannabinoids, and receptors (CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors).
While CB1 receptors can be found throughout the body, many are located in the brain and are associated with cognitive actions. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is attached to the CB1 receptors, which explains the effects of marijuana ingestion in the cognitive system of its users.
The CB2 receptors, on the other hand, are found in the immune system, which makes them more responsive to pain and inflammation in the body. Unlike THC, CBD’s impact is on the CB2 receptors. The CBD causes the body to produce certain cannabinoids on its own without attaching to the CB1 receptors, which makes it have effects on pains and inflammations.
How Does CBD Oil Work for Arthritis?
CBD oil helps to ease arthritis pain owing to its positive effects on pain and inflammation, as explained above. Arthritis patients can greatly benefit from the therapeutic benefits of CBD because the condition is mainly associated with fatigue and pain.
It is worth noting that studies on the effects of CBD on arthritis are continuing. However, early research from animal studies suggests that CBD has pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties that could help treat different types of arthritis, such as rheumatic disorders and osteoarthritis. Many patients have tried CBD for arthritis conditions and expressed some improvement.
However, the available accounts are considered insufficient in the medical community; hence, the need for more studies. For instance, a group study involving 58 arthritis patients in 2016 indicated that Sativex, a cannabis-based mouth spray, helped relieve pain in arthritis patients. The result expressed a significant analgesic effect of CBD yet called for more investigations.
Clinical Studies on Pain and Anti-inflammatory Effects of CBD for Arthritis Care
Researchers have conducted several investigations focusing on pain and anti-inflammatory efficacy of CBD for arthritis care. So far, the results from these findings have been very encouraging. Some of them are as follows:
- In 2017, a study at Dalhousie University, Canada, discovered that CBD might be a useful and safe therapeutic option for treating osteoarthritis joint pain.
- In 2016, a group of researchers from the University of Kentucky carried out a study which indicated that topical application of CBD had therapeutic potential to relieve inflammation and pain associated with arthritis without any evident side effects.
- In 2014, there was a review of various existing animal studies on CBD in Barcelona, Spain. The study concluded that CBD may be an effective treatment option for osteoarthritis.
- A 2011 study carried out at the University of Calgary, Canada, which established that CBD helped in reducing inflammatory pain in rats by targeting how pain receptors respond to the stimuli.
Is CBD Oil Safe to Use?
While CBD research is still in its early stages, one strong consensus from the available studies is that risks associated with it are extremely low, and there has not been a single case of overdose from the studies. In fact, most of the studies reported there were no evident side effects from their findings.
However, just like every other medical product that interferes with the normal functioning of the body and brain system, you cannot completely rule out the possibility of potential interaction with some medications. As advised by the Arthritis Foundation, if you are taking certain drugs for arthritis treatment, you will need to speak with your doctor before using the greatest pharmaceutical CBD products for doctors. The following are some of the medicines that may cause drug interactions with CBD:
What Type of Products Should I Use for Arthritis?
The greatest pharmaceutical CBD products for doctors come in different forms and can be administered in different ways. You may take it orally, sublingually, inhale it, or apply it to the skin. Each of these methods, however, has its pros and cons.
This version of the greatest pharmaceutical CBD products for doctors comes in forms of capsules and liquid, which can be absorbed through the digestive tract. There are also gummies and cookies which are taken via edibles, but experts advise against this option, as the dosing may be unreliable and the products may be appealing to the children.
The sublingual method is a way of sending the product directly into your bloodstream through the sublingual gland under your tongue. CBD tinctures, CBD sprays, and CBD lozenges are some of the common sublingual methods.
On the Skin
These include lotions, balms, and other topical products. However, it remains unknown whether these products deliver CBD below the skin.
You can inhale some CBD-based products via a vape, pen, or vaporizing. But there are associated risks with inhalation of chemical products and vapor oils, particularly for those with inflammatory arthritis. So, for this reason, a vaping method is not recommended.
How Much CBD Should I Take?
Presently, no established protocols are guiding the use of the greatest pharmaceutical CBD products for doctors. However, according to the Arthritis Foundation, adult CBD users should consider the following guidelines:
- Start with a small amount of CBD dosage, preferably, a few milligrams twice a day. Depending on your observation after a week, you may adjust by increasing the dose if the relief isn’t inadequate. If you are satisfied with the first-week result, you may stick to the same dose.
- If you take a liquid form, first ensure that you get these two details right: the amount of CBD contained in each dose and the amount of the liquid that is safe for you.
- If you discover that CBD alone doesn’t work for you, consult your doctor as to whether you can take CBD with a very low-dose THC product, provided you are in a state where recreational or medical marijuana is legal. Keep in mind, however, that THC-containing products may get you high cause cognitive and balance issues. So, be sure you try it first at home or at night to see how your body reacts to it.
If you experience any side effects, discontinue the product immediately and consult your doctor.
- Can CBD oil relieve arthritis pain?
- Arthritis Foundation CBD Guidance for Adults with Arthritis
- Does CBD Oil Really Help Treat Arthritis Pain?
- Using CBD Oil for Pain Management: Does It Work?
- The History of CBD: A Brief Overview
- The History of CBD: Where does it come from?
- What is CBD Bioavailability and Why Does it Matter?
- Attenuation of early phase inflammation by cannabidiol prevents pain and nerve damage in rat osteoarthritis.
- Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis
- Involvement of the endocannabinoid system in osteoarthritis pain.
- The abnormal cannabidiol analogue O-1602 reduces nociception in a rat model of acute arthritis via the putative cannabinoid receptor GPR55.